MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Location: file:///C:/F06966D1/baGSHAW1851.htm Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/html; charset="us-ascii" BARROW is a small but pleasantly situated village and parish, in the Wenlock Franchise, two miles east from Much Wenlock, and two miles south-we= st from Broseley

HISTORY, GAZETTEER, AND DIRECTORY of SHROPSHIRE

By SAMUEL BAGSHAW
1851

 

BARROW is a small but pleasantly situ= ated village and parish, in the Wenlock Franchise, two miles east from Much Wenl= ock, and two miles south-west from Broseley. The parish contains 2,989a. 0r. 39p. of land, the ratea= ble value of which is £3,086. 6s. 1d. At the c= ensus in 1801 there were 479 inhabitants; 1831, 351; and in 1841 there were 85 ho= uses and a population of 383 souls. Lord Forester and Sir Richard Acton, Bart., = are the landowners. WILLEY HALL, a handsome mansion, is the occasional seat of = Lord Forester. The lands in this parish abound with game, which is rigidly preserved. THE CHURCH is a venerable structure dedicated to St. Giles, and consists of nave and chancel, with a turret, in which are two bells. The wa= lls display many tabular monuments, and there is an antique font, with a capaci= ous basin. On the south side of the church-yard is buried Tom Moody, the celebr= ated whipper-in to George Forester, Esq. The grave-stone is simply inscribed = 220;Tom Moody, died 19th November, 1706.” The church was formerly an appendag= e to the Priory of Wenlock. The living is a perpetual curacy annexed to the rect= ory of Willey. The Rev. Henry Bridgeman is the incu= mbent.

THE SCHOOL AND ALMSHOUSE.-John Slaney, merchant tailor= of London, having, in his life-time, built in the parish of Barrow an almshouse for six poor aged men or women that had been ancient dwellers thereabout, a= nd appointed six acres of ground to be laid out for their better relief and to= the support of a school. He also directed an allowance of 1s. 4d. weekly to be made to each inmate, and every alternate year a good frieze go= wn to be given to each person, worth 13s. 4d., and hose and shoes to the value of 6s. 8d. Mr. Slaney also erected a school for= the free teaching of twenty children, and ordained that a great part of the six acres of land above mentioned should be for the maintenance of the school; = and he gave towards the maintenance of the schoolmaster £10 a-year for ev= er. For the performance of the said allowance he gave a rent charge of £30 per annum issuing out of his manor of Willey. And for the residue of his gi= ft to make up the pensions of the said schoolhouse and almshouse, he charged h= is cousin, John Slaney, that he and his heirs and assignees should for ever pay the same as a rent charge out of his lands called the Hem, which lands he g= ave to his said cousin on his continuing the charities according to the conditi= ons of his will: In this will Mr. Slaney is directed to keep the school and almshouse in continual repair, and to provide fuel. The premises thus conditionally devised became the property of John Stephens, Esq., who, in 1= 816, exchanged the lands with Cecil Weld Forester, Esq., lord of the manor of Willey, for lands situated near Barrow church. The almshouse having become = much dilapidated, the said Cecil W. Forester, Esq:, = agreed to be at the expense of taking down and rebuilding the school and almshouse= (at his own expense), and keeping the same in repair during the term of his nat= ural life, and to find garments and coals, pursuant to the will of the founder. = In pursuance of this arrangement, the almshouse was taken down, and a new one = and a schoolhouse built on the lands which he had given in exchange. The yearly expenditure when the Charity Commissioners published their report was £33. 16s., of which the rent charge on the= manor of Willey provides for £30; so that there remained for the annual cha= rge upon the lands of Mr. Stephens £3. 16s., b= ut which was then paid by Mr. Forester, besides the cost of twelve tons of coa= ls. With respect to the terms of this exchange, it cannot escape observation th= at the £3. 16s. and the twelve tons of coals which are furnished by Mr. Forester, in pursuance of his agreement, and the expense that he may be at = in repairs, are a part of the consideration that he was to give for the old schoolhouse and almshouse, and the land belonging to them; and not the annu= al supply which Mr. Stephens’s estates were charged by the will of Mr. Slaney to furnish. When the charity has received Mr. Forester’s suppl= y, it has received nothing more than the stipulated equivalent for the old schoolhouse and almshouse premises. But before the exchange it was entitled= to something more, namely, to the supply charged on Mr. Stephens’s estat= es. It must, therefore, continue still entitled to that supply since the exchan= ge; unless the effect of the exchange has been to exonerate the estates of Mr. Stephens during the life of Mr. Forester at the expense of the charity. We = think that such has not been the effect, but that Mr. Stephens’s estates are liable to make good to the charity the annual supply of £3. 16s. and twelve tons of coals yearly, and to continue that supply in future. The sch= ool teacher, in addition to the £10 prescribed by the will of Mr. Slaney,= has the use of a schoolhouse, and about five acres of land attached to it, with= the privilege of taking private scholars.

It appears from the parish books, that a sum of £= ;9 poors’ stock, which had for many years been in = the hands of successive parish officers, was applied in the year 1788 to the repairs of the church, as interest of which the sum of 10s. is distributed by the churchwardens at Christmas in fourp= enny loaves among the poor of the parish.

DIRECTORY.-John Michael Howell, fa= rmer, The Marsh; Thomas Instone, farmer, Swinney; Augusta Jones, schoolmistress; Robert Peake, farmer; William Thursfield, Esq., farmer and l= and agent to Lord Forester.

 

BENTHALL is a small parish with a sca= ttered population, three miles and a half from Much Wenlock, which comprises 1,195= A. 3r. 1p. of land, the whole of which is the property of= Lord Forester, who is also lord of the manor. The land has a bold swelling surfa= ce, and abounds in limestone. There are lime works in this parish, which give employment to a number of the inhabitants. There is also a tobacco pipe manufactory, and an establishment for the manufacture of earthenware, carri= ed on by Mr. Edward Bathurst. At the census of 1801, the parish contained 636 inhabitants; 1831, 525; and in 1841 there were 131 inhabited houses, and 587 souls. THE CHURCH, dedicated to St. Bartholomew, consists of nave and chanc= el, and has a small turret, in which is one bell: it was rebuilt in 1667, and stands on a gentle eminence: it is neatly pewed= with oak sittings, and has a gallery at the west end. On the north wall of the chancel there is a tablet to the memory of Ralph Brown, Esq. and Catherine,= his wife; the former died in 1707: he was lord of the manor of Benthall. On the south wall is a neat memorial to Edward Brown, gentleman, of Broseley, who = died January 29th, 1849, aged 74 years. In the nave of the church is buried Phil= ip Benthall, Esq., who died July 20th, 1713, aged 81 years. The living is a perpetual curacy, annexed to the vicarage of Much Wenlock; incumbent, Rev. = W. H. Wayne; citrate, Rev. Thomas H. Edwards. BENTHALL HALL is a stone mansion situated near the church, some portions of which were erected in the year 1= 535. It is the property of Lord Forester, but is now unoccupied. In the time of = the civil wars it was garrisoned by the royalists, at which period tradition st= ates the old church was destroyed.

Mrs. Ann Brown, by her will dated 30th May, 1764, dire= cted that the dividends of £200 stock, consolidated three per cents, belon= ging to her, should be yearly, at Christmas, distributed by her brother, Francis Turner Blithe, and his heirs, and the minister of Benthall, as they should think fit. The dividends are received under the power of attorney, and are = paid to the minister, who regularly distributes them about Christmas in small su= ms among the poor.

Edward Brown, Esq., of Broseley, bequeathed £200= to the minister and churchwardens for the time being of Benthall in the county= of Salop, on trust to invest the same in feuds, or government or real securiti= es, and to apply the interest in repairing and maintaining the vault and tombst= one of his late brother in-law, Sir Humphrey Charlton, situated in the church y= ard at Benthall, and to apply the surplus to the relief of poor persons from ti= me to time resident in the parish.

 

POSENHALL is an extra parochial liber= ty, contiguous to Benthall, which at the census of 1841 is returned as containi= ng five houses and twenty-two inhabitants. There is only one farm here, which = is in the occupancy of Mr. Thomas Pitt; there is also an earthenware manufacto= ry: the names will be found included in the Benthall directory.

DIRECTORY.-Edwin Bathurst, earthenware manufacturer, Benthall Pottery; John and Edward Burton, farmers and brick makers; Joseph Currier, shopkeeper; John Duckett, timber merch= ant; Rev. Thomas H. Edwards, B.A., curate, Benthall House; Mary Gother, vict., Britannia Inn; John Gother, joiner; Hiram Hill, lime burner, residence, Broseley; Joshua Instone, blacksmith; John Jones, vict., Leopard Inn; Warren Taylor Jones, earthenware manufacturer, Posenhall Potte= ry; John Patten, lime burner and barge owner; Ann Pitt, farmer; Thomas Pitt, farmer, Posenhall; Edward Roden, farmer and corn miller; Mary Roden, farmer; Noah Roden, tobacco pipe manufacturer; James Shepard, maltster.

 

BROSELEY, anciently written BURWARDSL= EY, is a parish and considerable market town in the Wenlock franchise, four miles = east from Much Wenlock, 13 miles south-east from Shrewsbury, and 146 miles north-west from London. The town is seated on an eminence above the Severn, and consists principally of one long irregu= lar built street, with minor streets branching off in different directions. The houses are mostly of brick, some of them of respectable appearance, interspersed with others of a more humble description, inhabited chiefly by= miners and the operatives employed in the brick and iron works. It stands in the middle of an extensive mining district, in which coal and ironstone are obt= ained; and there is an extensive iron foundry here, with others its the immediate vicinity. The town and neighbourhood are also famous for the manufacture of fire bricks and tobacco pipes, which are exported to all par= ts of the kingdom. Broseley is the only place in England where the celebrated glazed tobacco pipes are manufactured, and it is supposed this was the first place where the manufacture of this article commenced; upwards of two centu= ries ago they were made from clay procured in this locality, now the clay got he= re is used for the manufacture of bricks, tiles and earthenware, and the pipeclay is procured from Devonshire and Cornwall. Me= ssrs. William Southorn and Co, have an extensive establishment for the manufacture of the glazed pipes, employing upwards of forty operatives, and using forty tons of the Devons= hire pipeclay annually. The bricks and tiles made at Broseley are not surpassed by any in the kingdom; there are several extensi= ve establishments conducted by the Messrs. Davies and others. The parish conta= ins 1,070A. 3r 24p. of la= nd, the principal owners of which are Lord Forester: Francis Harrison, Esq.; John Onions, Esq.; John Davenport, Esq.; and William Taylor, Esq. There are also= a number of other freeholders. At the census in 1801, this parish had a population of 4,832 souls; 1831, 4,209; 1841, 4,829, and in 1851 there were 4,738 inhabitants, of whom 2,220 were males, and 2,509 females: at the latt= er period there were 1,005 inhabited houses, 43 uninhabited, and two building; rateable value of the parish, £7,801. 8s. 6d. The market held on a Wednesday is not very numerously attended. Fairs are h= eld on the last Tuesday in April, and October 28th. The Market Hall is a brick structure, situated in High street, built about the year 1779. The Court Ro= om, over the market hall, contains a fine oak chair beautifully carved and dated 1626; in this room the petty sessions are held every six weeks. Here also w= as formerly held the court of requests, which had jurisdiction in eight of the neighbouring parishes; this, however, has been superseded by the new County Court Act.

THE CHURCH, dedicated to All Saints, is a free-stone structure, consisting of nave, chancel and side aisles, with a square tower= in which are six bells; the nave is separated from the side aisles by five poi= nted arches on each side; over the side aisles and at the west end are galleries; upon the latter is placed an organ. The church was rebuilt in 1845, and in consequence of a grant of £400 from= the Incorporated Society, 694 of the sittings are free and unappropriated for ever; there is now accommodation for 1,200 hearers; it is neatly fitted= up with oak sittings, and the roof is of groined timber. The old church was a brick structure, with a low tower of free stone, and had sittings for 782 persons. The living is a rectory, valued in the king’s book at £= ;7. 18s. 6d., in the patronage of Lord Forester: incumbent, the Hon, and Rev. <= span class=3DSpellE>Orlando Watkin Weld Forester, M.A.; curate, Rev. Andrew Burn, B.A. The tithes are commuted= for £453. THE BAPTISTS have small chapels in Duke street and on Harris’s Green. THE INDEPENDENTS have a chapel in Duke street. THE WESLEYAN METHODISTS have a chapel at Duke street and one at <= span class=3DSpellE>Coalford. THE PRIMITIVE METHODISTS have a chapel at Broseley Wood. THE NATION= AL SCHOOL is held in a spacious room over the Market Hall, which measures sixty-one feet long and twenty-one feet broad. The average attendance of scholars at the present ti= me is one hundred and ninety-five.

JACKFIELD= is a populous hamlet, in the parish of Broseley, stretching along the banks of t= he Severn, and situated near a mile north of the parish church. Here the inhabitants are busily engaged in extensive works for the manufacture of bricks and tiles. At this place is also situated the IVANHOE POTTERY, an establishment conducted by Mr. George Prou= dman, where all kinds of earthenware are manufactured. The clay used in the manufacture is got from mines on the premises, and is found in regular laye= rs above the coal and limestone; some of the mines extend to the depth of one hundred yards. THE CHURCH (or Chapel of Ease) at Jackfield is a handsome br= ick structure, with stone finishings, consisting of= nave and chancel, with a square tower. It is situated on an eminence overlooking Ironbridge and a part of Coalbrook Dale. It is dedicated to St. Mary, and was built in 1759, by Francis Turner Blythe, Esq= . The interior has a neat appearance, and on the south s= ide there is a neat marble tablet to the memory of Alexander Brodie, Esq., ironmaster, of Calcutt, who died June 5th, 1830. Another neat tablet remembers the founder of the church, Francis T. Blythe, Esq., who died September 22nd, 1770, aged 61 years. There is also a tablet to Thomas Carter Phillips, Esq., who died in 1783. THE NATIONAL SCHOOL is a commodious brick structure, erected in the year 1844. The school-room = is used as a place of worship on Sunday and Wednesday evenings. The rector and curate of Broseley officiate alternately.

Not far from Jackfield formerly stood the ancient mans= ion of the Tuckies. About sixty years ago this house was repaired for Lord Dundonald, father of Lord Cochrane, who resided here a considerable time, making chemical experiments, among the principal of which was that of extracting tar from coals. For this purpose many kilns or ovens were erected on the banks of the Severn, and the process was conducted in t= he following manner:—” A range of stoves was supplied with coal ke= pt burning at the bottom; the smoke was conveyed by horizontal tunnels into a capacious funnel built of brick, supported by arches, and covered on the to= p by a shallow pond of water. The smoke, condensed by the chill of the water, fe= ll on the bottom of the funnel in the form of tar, and was conveyed by pipes i= nto a receiver, whence it was pumped into a large boiler, and boiled to a proper consistence, or otherwise inspissated into pitc= h; the volatile parts which arose during this inspissation were again condensed into oil used for varnish.” Great quantities of = this useful article were sent for the use of the navy, and much of it was used in japanning. Lord Dundonald expended large sums of money in these undertakings, which were unsuccessful as to profitable remuneration. On the site of these operations was afterwards erected the gr= eat iron foundry where no many cannon were cast by Mr. Bro= die during the late war.

A most melancholy accident occurred near Broseley on O= ctober 23rd, 1799. The passage boat in crossing the Severn<= /st1:place>, which at this place is very rapid, was overturned. There were forty-one per= sons in the boat who were employed in the china works of Messrs. Rose and Co., of these thirteen only escaped, the remaining twenty-eight were all drowned. Tradition states that a large house in Brose= ley was formerly in possession of some Dutchmen, who had a mint for coining mon= ey secreted in cellars under the house. They lived in a very expensive style, = and kept race horses. There is a curious fossil found here in the stratum of co= al resembling a fish with the head and tail cut off. It is covered with scales, and measures about eight inches long. Its solidity is much greater than the= substance its which it is infolded, and when broken appear= s like limestone; if thrown into the fire it explodes with considerable violence.<= /p>

In the year 1711 a very remarkable inflammable spring = was discovered at Broseley, of which the Rev. Mr. Mason, professor at Cambridge, gives the following account:—” The well for four or five feet d= eep is six or seven feet wide, within that is another hole of like depth, dug in clay; in the bottom whereof is placed a cylindric earthern vessel, of about four or five inches diamete= r at the mouth, having the bottom taken off, and the sides well fixed in, the cl= ay rammed close about it. Within the pot is a brown water as thick as puddle continually forced up with a violent motion, beyond that of boiling water, = and a rumbling hollow noise rising and falling by fits; but there was no appear= ance of any vapour arising, which perhaps might have been visible had not the sun shone so bright. Upon putting the candle down at the end of a stick, at a quarter of a yard distance, it took fire, darting and flashing after a very violent manner, for about half a yard high, much in the manner of spirits i= n a lamp, but with great agitation. It was said that a tea kettle had been made= to boil in about nine minutes time, and that it had been left burning for forty-eight hours without any sensible diminution. It was extinguished by putting a wet mop upon it, which it was necessary to keep there for a considerable time, otherwise it would not go out= . Upon the removal of the mop there arises a sulphurous smoke, lasting about a min= ute, and yet the water is cold to the touch. The cause of this inflammable prope= rty is most probably the mixture of the waters with petroleum, which is one of = the most inflammable substances in nature, and has the property of burning on t= he surface of water.” In the year 1755 this well entirely disappeared by= the sinking of a coal pit in its neighbourhood.

CHARITIES.-John Barrett, Esq., of the Madeiras, bequeathed the sum of £2= 00 to the poor of Broseley. Frances Morgan left £30, the interest to be div= ided among twelve poor widows on Christmas-day annually. Richard Edwards, of Rowton, left £110 to be laid out in land, and t= he profits thereof to be distributed on Christmas-day and Easter-day, in equal proportions, among such poor widows of the parish as his heirs and the mini= ster of the parish should judge proper objects of charity. Esther Hollyman left £20 to be added to the poor’= ;s stock in 1730. It appears from entries in a modern parish book and from a memorandum in the handwriting of a late curate of the parish, that the seve= ral legacies above specified, amounting together to the sum of £380, were lent to the parish about the year 1777, and employed (with other monies borrowed and raised by subscriptions) in building a market house and shops, from the rents of which it was agreed that a suns not exceeding £18 should be annually distributed among the poor. By a more recent resolution, which purports to have been made at a parish meeting held on the 31st May, 1802, it was resolved—” That there should be paid to the poor, = from the revenues of the market hall, in half yearly payments, the annual sum of £18 until the £3 above £15 should liquidate a debt which appeared due to the said poor of £43; and that then £15 per ann= um should be paid only as the permanent interest of £380 borrowed of the trustees of the said poor, and for the purpose of building the said market hall.” How the debt of £43 originated we are not able to state,= the old parish books, which would probably have thrown some light upon the subj= ect, having been lost. It appears to us, however, not improbable that this sum m= ay be the remains of the poor’s stock arising from the benefactions which are recorded on the tables in the church, left by ten several donors, and a= mounting to £51. 10s. If the debt of £43, stated to be due from the pari= sh to the poor, was part of the stock arising from the above benefactions, the resolution by which it was determined to distribute it by instalments among= the poor seems to be at variance with the intentions of the respective donors, whose object clearly was the establishment of a fund that should continue permanently productive. It may be necessary to observe that although by the payment of £3 per annum, according to the terms of the resolution abo= ve mentioned, the debt of £43 would be wholly liquidated in the year 181= 6, yet the annual payment of £18 has been since continued without any abatement. This sum is distributed by the minister in equal moieties at Christmas and Easter, among the poor inhabitants of Broseley, in sums proportioned to their necessities.

William Lewis<= /i>, by indenture, dated January 2nd, 1740, granted a yearly rent charge of 20s., issuing out of a messuage and two acres of land, situate near the church, in Broseley, with the penal= ty of 6s. for every day that the payment should be in arrear, and directed the same to be distributed among twenty poor widows. It further appears from the benefaction table that Andrew Langl= ey, of the Woodhouse, left 12s. yearly to be distrib= uted by the minister and churchwardens on St. Andrew’s-day yearly, and to = be paid for ever by the owner of the Woodhouse estate.

Mary Cotton, who died in 1838, bequeathed to the minister and charchwar= dens for the time being of this parish the sum of £300, three per cent consolidated bank annuities, upon trust, to receive the interest and divide= it among forty poor widows of this parish on the 29th of December, yearly. Fanny Pritchard left £100 in= trust to the same parties, to be invested in government securities, and directed = the interest to be divided among ten poor widows on St. Thomas’s day.

At a place called the Birches, between Buildwas and Ironbridge, and not far from Broseley, an extraordinary phenomenon occurred= in May, 1775, of which the following account has been given by the Rev. John Fletcher, of Madeley. “When I went to the spot,” says Mr. Fletc= her, “the first thing that struck me was the destruction of the little bri= dge that separated the parish of Madeley from that of Buildwas, and the total disappearing of the turnpike road to Buildwas bridge, instead of which noth= ing presented itself to my view but a confused heap of bushes, and huge clods of earth tumbled one over another. The river also wore a different aspect; it = was shallow, turbid, noisy, boisterous, and came down from a different point. Whether I considered the water or the land the scene appeared to me entirely new, and as I could not fancy myself in another part of the country, I concluded that the God of nature had shaken his providential iron rod over = the subverted spot before me. Following the track made by a great number of spectators, who came already from the neighbouring parishes, I climbed over= the ruins and came to a field well grown with rye-grass, where the ground was greatly cracked in several places, and where large turfs, some entirely, ot= hers half turned up exhibited the appearance of straight or crooked furrows, imperfectly formed by a plough drawn at a venture. Getting from that field = over the hedge, into a part of the road which was yet visible, I found it raised in one place, sunk in another, concave in a thi= rd, hanging on one side in a fourth, and contracted as if some uncommon force h= ad pressed the two hedges together. But the higher part of it surprised me mos= t, and brought directly to my remembrance those places of mount Vesuvius where= the solid stony lava has been strongly worked by repeated earthquakes, for the = hard beaten gravel that formed the surface of the road was broken every way into huge masses, partly detached from each other, with deep apertures between t= hem exactly like the shattered lava. This striking likeness of circumstances ma= de me conclude that the similar effect might proceed from the same cause, name= ly, a strong convulsion on the surface if not in the bowels of the earth. Going= a little farther towards Buildwas I found that the road was again totally lost for a considerable space, having been overturned, absorbed, or tumbled with= the hedges that bounded it to a considerable distance towards the river; this p= art of the desolation appeared then to me inexpressibly dreadful. Between a shattered field and the river there was that morning a bank on which beside= s a great deal of underwood grew twenty fine large = oaks, this wood shot with such violence into the Severn before it that it  forced the water in great columns a considerable height like mighty fountains, and gave the overflowing river a retrograde motion. This is not the only accident that happened to the Sever= n; for near the Grove, the channel which was chiefly of a soft blue rock burst= in ten thousand pieces, and rose perpendicularly about ten yards, heaving up t= he immense quantity of water and the shoals of fishes that were therein. Among= the rubbish at the bottom of the river, which was very deep in that place, there were one or two huge stones and a large piece of timber, or an oak tree, wh= ich from time immemorial had lain partly buried in the mud I suppose in consequ= ence of some flood; the stones and tree were thrown up as if they had been only = a pebble and a stick, and are now at some distance from the river, many feet higher = than the surface of it. Ascending from the ruins of the road I came to those of a barn, which after travelling many yards towards the river had been absorbed= in a chasm where the shattered roof was yet visible. Next to those remains of = the barn, and partly parallel with the river, was a long edge which had been to= rn from a part of it yet adjoining to the garden hedge, and had been removed a= bove forty yards downward together with some large trees that were in it and the land that it enclosed. The tossing, tearing, and shifting of so many acres = of land below, was attended with the formation of stupendous chasms above. At = some distance above, near the wood which crowns the desolated spot, another chas= m, or rather a complication of chasms excited my admiration; it is an assembla= ge of chasms, one of which that seems to terminate the desolation to the north-east, runs some hundred yards towards the river and Madeley wood; it looked like the deep channel of some great serpentine river dried up, whose little islands, fords, and hollows appear without a watery veil. This long chasm at the top seems to be made up of two or three that run into each oth= er, and their conjunction when it is viewed from a particular point exhibits the appearance of a ruined fortress whose ramparts have been blown up by mines = that have done dreadful execution, and yet have spared here and there a pyramid = of earth, or a shattered tower by shirk the spectators can judge of the nature= and solidity of the demolished bulwark. Fortunately there was on the devoted sp= ot but one house, inhabited by two poor countrymen and their families; it stan= ds yet, though it has removed about a yard from its former situation. The morn= ing in which the desolation happened, Samuel Wilcocks, one of those countrymen, got up about four o’clock, and opening the window to see if the weather was fair he took notice of a small crack in the earth about four or five inches wide, and observed the above mentioned fiel= d of corn heaving up and rolling about like the waves of the sea; the trees by t= he motion of the ground waved also, as if they had been blown with the wind, though the air was calm and serene; the river Severn, which for some days h= ad overflowed its banks, was also very much agitated and seemed to turn back to its source. The man being astonished at such a sight, rubbed his eyes, supposing himself not quite awake, and being soon convinced that destruction stalked about, he alarmed his wife, and taking children in their arms they = went out of the house as fast as they could, accompanied by the other man and his wife. A kind Providence directed their flight, fur instead of running eastward across the fields th= at were just going to be overthrown, they fled westward into a wood that had little share in the destruction. When they were about twenty yards from the house they perceived a great crack run very quick up the ground from the ri= ver; immediately the land behind them with the trees and hedges moved towards the Severn with great swiftness and au uncommon noise, which Samuel Wilcocks compared to it large flock of sheep running swiftly by him. It was then chiefly that desolation expanded her wings over= the devoted spot and the Birches saw a momentary representation of a partial chaos ! then nature seemed to have forgotten her laws:= trees commenced itinerant!—those that were at a distance from the river advanced towards it, while the submerged oak broke out of its watery confinements and by rising many feet recovered a place on dry land; the sol= id road seas swept away as its dust had been on a stormy day;—then proba= bly the rocky bottom of the Severn emerged, pushing towards heaven astonished shoals of fishes and hogsheads of water innumerable;—the wood like an embattled body of vegetable combatants stormed the bed of the overflowing river, and triumphantly waved its green colours over its recoiling flood;&#= 8212;fields became moveable,—nay, they fled when none pursued, and as they fled t= hey rent the green carpets that covered them in a thousand pieces;—in a w= ord, dry land exhibited the dreadful appearance of a sea-storm. Solid earth as i= f it had acquired the fluidity of water tossed itself into massy waves, which ro= se or sunk at the beck of him who raised the tempest; and what is most astonishing, the stupendous hollow of one of those waves ran for nearly a quarter of a mile through rooks and a stony soil with as much ease as if dry earth, stones, and rocks had been a part of the liquid element. Soon after = the river was stopt, Samuel Cookson, a farmer who l= ives a quarter of a mile below the Birches, on the same side of the river, was much terrified by a dust of wind that beat against his windows as if shot had be= en thrown against it, but his fright greatly increased when getting up to see = if the flood that was over his ground had abated he perceived that all the wat= er was from his fields, and that scarce any remained in the Severn. He called = up his family, ran to the river, and finding that it was dammed up, he made the best of his way to alarm the inhabitants of Buildwas, the next village abov= e, which he supposed would soon be under water. He was happily mistaken, providence just prepared a say for their escape; the Severn. notwithstanding a considerable flood which at th= at time rendered it doubly rapid and powerful, having met with two dreadful shocks, the one from her rising bed and the other from the intruding wood, could do nothing but foam and turn back with impetuosity. The ascending and descending streams conflicted about Buildwas bridge; the river sensibly rose for some miles back, and continued rising till just as it was near-entering into the houses at Buildwas it got a vent through the fields on the right, = and alter spreading far and near over them collected all its might to assault i= ts powerful aggressor, I mean the grove, that had so unexpectedly turned it ou= t of the bed which it had enjoyed for countless ages. Sharp was the attack, but = the resistance was yet more vigorous, and the Severn repelled again and again w= as obliged to seek its old empty bed, by going the shortest way to the right, = and the moment it found it again it  precipitated t= herin with a dreadful roar, and for a time formed a considerable cataract with inconceivable fury,  as if it = wanted to be revenged  on the first t= hing that came in its way, began to tear and wash away a fine rich meadow opposi= te to the grove, and there in a few hours worked itself a new channel about th= ree hundred yards long, through which a barge from Shrewsbury ventured three or four days after, all wonder at the strangement = of the overthrow. Some ascribe it to an earthquake, others to a slip of the ground, and not a few remain neuter, confessing that providence has conducted this phenomenon in such a manner as to confound the wisdom of the wise, and force even philosophers to adore in silence the God of nature whose ways are past finding out, who giveth not always account of h= is matters, and who perhaps strikes an ambiguous blow to convince us that the = bow of his vengeance has more than one string, and that, to say nothing of the other elements, our mother earth may afford us an untimely grave, either by= the slipping of her back or the convulsion of her bowels. My employment and tas= te leading me more to search out the mysteries of heaven than to scrutinize the phenomena of the earth, and to point at the wonders of grace than those of nature; I leave the decision of the question about the slip and the earthqu= ake to some abler philosopher.”

 

POST OFFICE-At Mr. Jeremiah Ashwood’s. Letters arrive at 8 A.M., and= are

despatched 5.35 P.M.

 

Marked 1 are i= n Cape or King street; 2 Church street; 3 High street; 4 Queen street; 5 Barratt&#= 8217;s hill; 6 Broseley Wood; 7 Jack-field and neighbourhood; 8 Barber’s row; and 9 Duke street.

 

2 Amphl= et Susannah, vict., The Dog

3 Ashwo= od Jeremiah, corn miller, maltster, and postmaster=

3 Bartl= am Edward Glover, Esq., surgeon, and coroner for borough of Wenlock

5 Bathurst Henry Martyr, schoolmaster (national)

5 Baker Mrs. Frances=

3 Baker = The Misses, drapers and mercers

2 Baugh George, Esq.

2 Bayli= ss Miss Helen, ladies’ boarding school

7 Beard Thomas, victualler, = Werps Inn

3 Beddoes John, shoemaker

6 Beddo= w Thomas, grocer

6 Bill Jeremiah, butcher, sh= opkeeper and beerhouse

3 Birch Thomas, coalmaster <= /p>

7 Boden = Susannah, shopkpr.

3 Booth Henry, farmer and bu= tcher

6 Bradley Richard, tobacco p= ipe maker

3 Bourne Wm., blacksmith and beerhouse-keeper

2 Boycott Richard, baker and confectioner

2 Broadhurst Thos., timber merchant & wheelwright

2 Brodie Mrs.

7 Brown Edwd., blacksmith, a= nd vict., Summer House

3 Burnet Henry, hosier and haberdasher

3 Burnet Isaac, boot and sho= emaker

3 Burnet John, grocer and de= aler in hops

7 Burn Rev. Andrew, B.A., cu= rate, Rock House

7 Burton= Edward, brick and tile manufr. & barge owner=

7 Burroughs John, rope manuf= acturer

3 Cartwright Chas., butcher<= /p>

6 Cartwright James, butcher<= /p>

3 Charlton Humphrey, wine an= d spirit and hop and seed merchant

4 Colley Bernard Wilkinson, = maltster

8 Collins Thos., locksmith

2 Cooke Joseph, victualler, = Old Crown

3 Corfi= eld Thomas, butcher 3 Cowley Ja= s., grocer, ironmonger, and seedsman

3 Cox Robert, saddler

3 Crowder Leonard, painter, = plumber, and glazier

3 Crump William, butcher

7 Crump= ton William, ferryman and barge owner

7 Culli= s William, victualler, Tumbling Sailors

7 Davies Ann, brick and tile= maker

7 Davies James, sen., brick and tile maker, The Rock

7 Davies James, jun., brick = and tile maker, The Rock

3 Davies John, farmer

6 Davies Samuel, butcher and= maltster

7 Davies Thos., shopkeeper, and brick and tile maker

Davies Thomas, tailor, The <= span class=3DSpellE>Delph

6 Dean James, thatcher and beerhouse-keeper

1 Davies Thomas, victualler,= Duke of Cumberland

7 Dillon Joseph, bargeowner,= Salt house

7 Dodd Andrew, bargeowner, Salt-house

7 Doughty Geo., bargeowner, Salthouse

7 Doughty Robert, barge-owne= r, Salthouse

7 Doughty Theophilus, brick & tile maker, Lloyd Head

6 Easth= ope Mrs. Ann

2 Edwards Ann, victualler, F= oresters’ Arms

3 Evans = Edwin R. auctioneer, accountant, house & estate agent, valu= er & appraiser, agent to the Sun Fire office, and superintendent registrar= .

3 Evans Mrs. Maria, draper a= nd mercer

9 Evans Richard, registrar o= f births and deaths

6 Evans John, shopkeeper and= poulterer

Evans Robert, Esq., J.P., The Dunge

8 Evans Susan, confectioner =

3 Evans = Thos., confectioner

8 Everett Robert, butcher an= d vict.,= The Plough

1 Evera= ll Thomas, baker and grocer

3 Fawkes Arthur, victualler,= Cape of Good Hope

8 Fenton John, brazier and <= span class=3DSpellE>timnan

2 Forester The Honourable and Rev. Orlando Watkin Weld, M.A., The Rectory

5 Firfield Mrs.

5 Francis Robert, tailor

8 Glover Edwd., hair dresser<= /p>

6 Gough Mrs. Martha

7 Griffiths Edward, shopkeep= er, Salt-house

2 Griffiths John, timber mer= chant and wheelwright

Griffiths Miss, milliner

3 Gwynn= Geo., basket-maker

5 Gwynn= Martha, basket-maker

7 Harris Richard, tailor, Sa= lt-house

3 Hartshorne Edward, boot and shoemaker

2 Harts= hone Frederick H,. Esq., surgeon

3 Hartshorne George, auction= eer, appraiser, cabinetmaker, builder, and upholsterer

Harvey John, grocer, dr. per, accountant, agent to the Birmi= ngham fire office, and medical, clerical, and general life office

9 Hayma= n John, glass dealer and victualler, The Fox

1 Holmes Wm., coalmaster

8 Hill Benjamin, joiner and = builder

5 Hill Hiram, grocer and coa= l master

8 Hiske= tt Thomas, tin-plate worker

7 Holt Thomas, victualler, Woodbridge Inn

3 Humphries John, grocer, ch= andler, and hop dealer

2 Insto= ne Samuel, grocer

2 Jones Adana, surveyor and victualler, The Phe= asant Commercial Inn

Jackson Rev. Wm. (Baptist), = Broseley Cottage

8 Johnson John, tailor and h= abit maker

7 Jones Isaac, blacksmith

7 Jones John, vict., Duke of Welli= ngton, The Werps

6 Jones Samuel, baker

3 Jones Stephen, tailor and = habit maker

Jones Rev. Wm. (Baptist), Chapel Hill

3 Jones Richard, painter, pl= umber, glazier, & paper hanger

7 Jones = Thos., fishmonger, and beerhouse - keeper, The Rock

2 Knight Henry, Esq., profes= sor of music

3 Leadb= etter Enoch, agent to Crown Life Assurance office

9 Legge= Mrs. Margaret

3 Lister Edward, victualler,= The Elephant

6 Lister Thomas, Esq.

7 Lloyd Henry, waterman and = vict.,= The Oak

6 Lloyd William, beerhousekeeper

3 Mason James, shoemaker, and licensed to let post-horses

7 Mapp<= /span> Thomas, cement manufacturer

6 Mason Henry, hatter and ma= rine-store dealer

6 Mason John, grocer and tea= dealer

7 Miles Francis, shopkeeper, Salt-house

3 Miles Thomas, victualler, = The Albion

3 Molin= eux Thomas, boot and shoemaker

6 Morris John Cox, Esq. Morg= an Mrs., Rock House

Mortimer=  Mrs. Fa= vell Lee, Broseley Hall

3 Nevit= t Enoch, stationer

3 Nevit= t Samuel, shopkeeper Nicholas William, Esq., Field House

3 Oakley Jesse, druggist and= grocer

3 Oare<= /span> Charles, Esq.

2 Onions= John, Esq., iron-founder, and brick & tile maker. White Hall

7 Oswel= l George, beerhousekeeper and ferryman

Page Thomas, maltster

7 Parker Benj., bargeowner & vict., Lloyd’s Head Inn =

7 Parker Charles, victualler= , Black Swan

3 Parsons Wm., blacksmith

3 Perrin William, draper, me= rcer, and hatter

9 Peters Moses and Richard, = nail makers &ironmongers

3 Potts Geo., Esq., solicito= r, clerk to borough of Wenlock & to Madeley County Court, The Green

3 Potts &Nicholls, solic= itors

Pountney Edwin, baker

3 Pountney Samuel, grocer

9 Pountney Samuel, tailor

6 Powell Richd., shopkeeper

7 Price Robert, mine agent, = Calcott

3 Pritchard’s Boycott = and Nicholas, bankers; draw on Barnett, Hoares, and Company, London

2 Pritchard George, Esq.

3 Pritchard John, Esq.

2 Pritchard Miss

7 Proud= man Geo., earthenware manufacturer, Ivanhoe Pottery<= /p>

3 Pugh Helen, milliner and dressmaker

3 Pugh T= hos., china painter

5 Raspa= ss Elizbeth,  shopkpr.

7 Reynolds John, bargeowner =

3 Rhodes Charles, vict.,= The Lion Commercial Inn

7 Richards Geo., beerhouse, The Salt-house

7 Richards Robert, victualle= r, Severn Trow

3 Richards Thomas, saddler <= /p>

7 Robinson Jas., blacksmith

7 Roden= Samuel, brick and tile manufacturer; house, Iron bridge=

Roden Thomas, joiner, Salt-house

6 Rowe C= has., wheelwright

6 Rufus Hannah, victualler, = King’s Head

2 Rusht= on Henry, joiner and builder

3 Rusht= on Richard, grocer

2 Shaw William P., agent to = legal and general life assurance office, and to

Salop fire office

6 Smith Moses, hosier

4 Salmon John, hosier

6 South= orn Ann, beerhouse

6 South= orn Joseph, tobacco-pipe manufacturer

6 South= orn Wm. & Co., tobacco-pipe manufacturer= s

4 Speak = Thos., shopkeeper

5 Squires Richard, builder <= /p>

2 Stable Mrs. Mary, The Deanery

2 Stables Miss Jane, The Deanery

3 Stephan Caroline, milliner= and dressmaker

4 Taylor William, butcher

7 Taylor William, coal and b= rick master, The Tuckies

2 Thorn John, Esq., White Ha= ll

4 Thursfield Richard, Esq., = surgeon, and high bailiff to Madeley County Court

5 Tonki= ss Richard, tobacco-pipe maker

5 Trupp= Thomas, inland revenue officer

7 Transom Jas., bargeowner <= /p>

9 Watki= n Richd.= , shoemaker

Watkins Wm., victualler, Duk= e of York

6 Weaver Mary, shopkeeper

9 Weeks John, shoemaker

6 Weeks = Thos., shoemaker

9 Weeks Richard, boot and sh= oemaker, & beerhouse

8 Willi= ngs Benjamin, boot and shoemaker

9 Westover John, attorney= 217;s clerk

7 Wiggins John, schoolmaster (national)

7 Wild John, bargeowner

2 Wilkinson John, blacksmith=

5 Wilkinson Mrs. Lucia

3 Williams Ann, shopkeeper a= nd poulterer

7 Williams Edward, shopkeepe= r, and brick and tile maker, The Werps

7 Williams Edwd.,jun.,vict., Dog & Duck, Lloyd Head

7 Williams Mr. Silvanus, Sal= t-house

9 Whoot= on Herbert, butcher and farmer

Wyke Richard, surgeon, Salt-house

5 Yates Elizabeth, victualle= r, The Crown

7 Yates Robt., vict., Ash Tree

 

LINLEY is a small parish in the Wenlo= ck franchise, situated about three and a half miles south-east from Much Wenlo= ck. The parish comprises 636 acres of land, the principal owners of which are L= ord Forester and John Stephens, Esq, At the census = in 1801 there were 108 inhabitants; 1831, 111; and in 1851, 105; of whom 42 we= re males, and 63 females. At the same period there were 19 inhabited houses, and one uninhabited. Gross estimated rental of= the parish, £809. 2s. Rateable value, £729. 18s. Lord Forester is lord of the manor and impropriator. THE CHURCH, a pla= in, unpresuming structure, has the appearance of great an= tiquity: the windows are small and square headed, and there is a short tower. The ch= urch is situated in a field, and near it stands a venerable yew tree, but there = is no inclosed burial ground. The living is a rect= ory, annexed to that of Broseley. The Hon. and Rev. Orlando= Forester is the incumbent. Divine service is only performed once a month. LINLEY HALL was formerly the seat of the ancient family of Lacon, who possessed the greater part of the parish. It is a plain brick structure, now occupied by Miss Martha Onions.

DIRECTORY.-George Carpenter, vict= ., Duke of Wellington Inn; Robert Harrison, farmer; Joseph Langmore, wheelwright and blacksmith; Ann Newton, vict., Britannia  Inn; Miss Martha On= ions, Linley Hall; Edward Owen, proprietor of Owen’s pills and drops, Linley Villa; Josiah Wellings, bailiff to Mr. Hembry.


WILLEY is a small parish comprising 1= 353A. 2r. 0p. of land, situated in a pleasant part of the co= unty, four miles east from Much Wenlock, and four and a half miles north-west from Bridgnorth. At the census in 1801 there were 163 inhabitants; 1831, 159; an= d in 1851, 144; of whom 75 were males, and 69 females. Inhab= ited houses, 30. Rateable value, £1,888.= 8s. 5d. Lord Forester is the principal landowner, and = lord of the manor. Henry Cartwright, Esq., is also a proprietor. WILLEY PARK, the magnificent seat of Lord Forester, is a spacious and elegant mansion of freestone, delightfully situated in an extensive and richly wooded park. The principal front, with the offices, extends upwards of three hundred feet, a= nd is approached by a portico of the Corinthian order, greatly admired for sup= erb workmanship and architectural effect. The interior of the mansion is splend= idly furnished, and contains many fine paintings, many of which are the exquisite productions of some of the most celebrated masters. The library is extensiv= e, and contains a valuable and choice collection of standard works. The gardens and pleasure grounds are laid out with great taste, and the park is beautif= ully adorned with sylvan beauty, a fine lake adding much to the interest of the scene. The family of Weld had anciently a seat at Willey. “William We= ld was sheriff of London in 1352 his descendant, Sir John Weld, purchased Willey from Sir Thomas Lacon, of Kinlet, between= 1612 and 1623. His descendant in the fourth degree, Elizabeth Weld, married Broo= ke Forester, of Dothill Park, near Wellington; who= se son George, dying unmarried, bequeathed Willey and his other great estates, wit= h an injunction to adopt the name of Weld, to his cousin, Cecil Weld Forester, created Lord Forester, of Willey Park, in 1821.” Mr. Mottle, author o= f a work on Heraldry, says, “Lord Forester is lineally descended from John Forester. Esq., of Watling street, who held a singularly curious grant from King Henry VIII. to wear his hat in the royal presence; which identical document is preserved in the family.”

THE CHURCH is a small venerable fabric, consisting of = nave and chancel, with a short tower, which contains three bells. There are seve= ral memorials to the various members of the ancient family of Weld. The living = is a rectory, with the perpetual curacy of Barrow annexed, valued in the king= 217;s book at £5. 6s. 3d., now returned at &poun= d;329, in the patronage of Lord Forester: incumbent, the Hon. and Rev. George O. <= span class=3DSpellE>Bridgeman. The tithes of Willey have been constituted= for £233. 18s.

CHARITIES.-Rob= ert Evans, of the Dean, bequeathed 10s. per annu= m to be expended in bread for the poor. The payment of this gift commenced in 17= 09, and the legacy is now considered to be secured by a bond in the possession = of the parish, given by the late Mr. John Perry, of Willey, whose executors pay the money to the parish officers.

The Rev. Franc= is Wheeler, rector of Willey, bequeathed 10s. yearly, to be paid at Christmas by the ministers of the two churches in Bridgnorth;= 5s. each to be given to the poor of Willey in money or bread. This gift is distributed at Christmas, together with the sacrament money and Evan’s gift.

The following benefactions, also given to the poor of Willey, are involved in much obscurity. Elizabeth Weld in 1688 gave £10. Do= rothy Weld in 1674 gave £10, the interest to be distributed on St. Thomas’= s day. Mrs Mary Saltalston £20, to be ad= ded to the poor’s stock, and the interest of £10 to be distributed to = the poor yearly. Mary Ogden = gave 40s. to the poor in 1680. Judith Corbett £5 in 1691. Mary Evans £= ;5 in 1729. Mrs. Catherine Strange= £20. From the parish books it appears that £10 of Mrs. Saltalston’s benefaction, and £10 of Mrs. Weld’s, were applied in 1712 towar= ds building a new tower to the church. It farther appears that at a vestry mee= ting held 7th October, 1777, it was agreed that £10, part of a stock of £60, left for the benefit of the poor of Willey, and then in the hand= s of Mr. Thomas Perry, of the Dean, should be laid out in the necessary repairs = of the church, and that the parish should pay reasonable interest for the same= , to be distributed one half on St. Thomas’s day, and the other half on Go= od Friday. Another agreement, not entered in the parish books, dated 15th Augu= st, 1802, and signed by Morgan Jones, minister, and two respectable farmers of = the parish, stating that the interest of the £40 mentioned in the former agreement, which had never been paid, then amounted to £50, and agree= ing to consolidate the principal and interest, making together £90, and to pay interest on the whole. From the entries in the parish books above state= d, it clearly appears that £60 of these benefactions were applied to the repairs of the church, but what became of the rest we have in vain endeavou= red to discover. No interest appears to have been paid by the parish, but there= has been for many years an annual distribution of corn made by the farmers to t= he poor on St. Thomas’s day, to the value of £5 and upwards.

The principal residents in Willey are the Right Hon. L= ord Forester, Willey Park; the Hon a= nd Rev. George O. Bridgeman; Henry Cartwright, Esq= ., The Dean; George Goodfellow, bailiff to George Prit= chard, Esq.; Edmund Raby, farmer; and John Stobbs, farmer.